-From China Report
One of the most discussed issues of the twenty-first century is the rise of China. Because of its unprecedented economic growth, China’s economic rise is considered a very rare event in the history of the world economy. Nevertheless, there are many doubts about whether China can maintain its economic growth in the future.Importantly, besides maintaining economic growth, China has also progressed militarily. For the experts of international politics, the billion-dollar question is whether China will rise peacefully or not, which depends on a key question—is China dissatisfied with the status quo?
transition theory and the notion of regime insecurity, this article analyses
China’s assertive behaviour and the key factors, such as territorial disputes
(including homeland disputes, frontier disputes, and maritime disputes), core
interests, and internal security, which determine whether its assertiveness is
the reflection of its dissatisfaction and territorial revisionism.
article challenges the usual idea of power transition theory that the dominant
power is always satisfied and shows that the dominant power can be dissatisfied
and revisionist too. This article can significantly contribute to the debate
whether China is a revisionist state or a status quo state, and to the power
From the very
beginning, experts have been doubtful whether China can rise peacefully, and
they have expressed their doubts in the form of the ‘China Threat’ theory.
‘China Threat’ theory is a popular notion among Western academics especially
Americans. To refute the ‘China Threat’ theory and promote a good image of
China in the international arena, China adopted the policy of ‘Peaceful Rise’.
began to consider the term ‘rise’ in a negative sense. Hence in 2004, at Bo’ao
Forum, the then Chinese President Hu Jintao used the term ‘Peaceful
Development’ instead of ‘Peaceful Rise’. The replacement revealed China’s
anxiety to present itself in good colours. Interestingly, to avoid further
controversy, the Chinese government has refrained from officially using the
term ‘Peaceful Rise’.
The notion of
‘Assertive China’ is the latest development in the discourse on the rise of
China. Scholars have observed that after getting over the shocks of the global
economic crisis, China is behaving like a revisionist power and trying to
challenge US leadership, mainly in Asia. The essential features of Chinese
assertiveness are that it is anti-Western, and the tone of recent foreign
affairs declarations of China is harsher than in earlier periods.
suggests that the dominant power can be dissatisfied and revisionist too if its
hegemony is under threat. For instance, the US is dissatisfied with the status
quo because China is posing a direct challenge to American supremacy in the
Asia-Pacific region. In such a situation, the possibility of the escalation of
armed conflict between the US and China is high if both of them firmly retain
their stances. To maintain peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region, one
power has to sacrifice its strategic interests.