What are the policy initiatives required to make rural women economically active?


As an economy transforms from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy, a decline in participation of female labour force is observed.
With an increase in income levels of the households, a woman no longer prefers working as an unpaid worker or a helper or as a casual worker unless the work is remunerative (as in MGNREGA). 
However, such opportunities are limited in rural India and as a result women are not finding jobs matching their preference (regular part-time jobs close to their households). Furthermore, with low skill levels, jobs in the non-farm sector are also limited.
These factors perhaps have led to the withdrawal of women from the labour force.

Policy Strategies
The decline observed in rural female labour force participation is due to a complex mix of several forces working simultaneously.
While the focus is on education and income effect, research reveal that the lack of sufficient non-farm jobs in rural areas has forced women to stay out of the labour market. The wage conditions prevalent in the rural labour market show that female workers have experienced a better hike in wages/salaries; it implies that the gender gap in terms of wages/salaries has started declining. But the opportunities available in rural India which are compatible with their education levels are dying out.
Dedicated efforts in skilling, re-skilling and improving their educational outcomes through infrastructure development, female teacher availability, incentives along with creating an adequate number of favourable job opportunities are necessary to harness their potential.
Considering the constraints experienced by the rural females to enter the labour force, policy initiatives are required to make them economically active. The initiatives should focus on microfinance-supported self-help group-centred activities, which will make them economically active along with handling domestic duties.

Journal
Join the discussion on Vikalpa’s official Facebook page here!


Worth-exploring reads also from Vikalpa:








Comments

  1. While I was stepped forward here and there online to find some quality articles on women's jobs or occupation and their economical situation. I came across to your awesome website. Though I don't live in India, I have a good experience about the country. The most attractive thing that I enjoyed was the attractive culture. Anyway, going through the article I came to understand that still there are some limitation for the rural women to get available job whether full time or part time. I do believe the world is now in a great change. Women of the most countries are coming out of their cocoon or unproductive barriers and getting busy with various profession.Recently I visited some Korean sites that help to get part time occupation for the women that really impressed me most 여우알바 유흥알바 . Hope the rural situation you mentioned in this post will be overcome very soon.Thanks a lot for your great work.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hey, this is really an amazing work I learnt. I wondered still there are countries where women's working opportunities are limited. Hope this situation will be improved. . 유흥알바

    ReplyDelete
  3. I simply want to mention I’m very new to blogs and actually liked you’re web blog. Probably I’m going to bookmark <a href="https://bett247.com>메이저사이트</a>
    your site . You absolutely have terrific posts. Appreciate it for revealing your webpage

    ReplyDelete
  4. Your method of telling everything in this paragraph is truly good, all can easily be aware of it, Thanks a lot. 토토사이트추천


    ReplyDelete
  5. Thanks for every other informative site. The place else may just I get that kind of information written in such an ideal means! Looking for online betting site? this site is no.1 betting site in korea, visit here!
    바카라사이트
    카지노사이트
    크레이지슬롯
    해외토토사이트
    크레이지슬롯
    파워볼사이트
    크레이지슬롯
    하나라이브
    1xBet

    ReplyDelete
  6. I really appreciate how you put your thoughts into words. This is indeed inspiring. Keep writing. Hope to read more. If you have time, visit our website too https://yhn707.com/ 에볼루션 카지노 사이트

    ReplyDelete

  7. Good day! if u have time please visit our website. thankyou!


    바카라사이트

    https://yhn777.com 바카라사이트

    ReplyDelete
  8. ‌thank you for your info.visit our site https://yhn777.com‌ ‌카지노사이트‌

    ReplyDelete
  9. It's a good thing you posted something like this. This may help you too.
    Click the link below....
    안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  10. I really enjoying reading this, such a nice blog. Keep it up!
    And hey guys, I want to share our website. This is promising and worth reading.
    i hope you visit our website
    카지노사이트

    ReplyDelete
  11. Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site and I find it very interesting and informative. I can't wait to read lots of your posts.
    Btw please visit our interesting website.
    카지노사이트
    https://yhn777.com 카지노사이트

    ReplyDelete
  12. 이 기사가 정말 마음에 들어요. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  13. "You make so many great points here that I read your article a couple of times. Your views are in accordance with my own for the most part. This is great content for your readers.

    " 먹튀

    ReplyDelete
  14. I should say only that its awesome! The blog is informational and always produce amazing things. 파워볼게임

    ReplyDelete
  15. A very awesome blog post. 프리서버추천

    We are really grateful for your blog post. combat, law enforcement You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. I was exactly searching for. Thanks for such post and please keep it up. Great work

    ReplyDelete
  16. Interesting and interesting information can be found on this topic here profile worth to see it. 메이저사이트

    ReplyDelete
  17. This is often at the same time a good present that many of us seriously enjoyed browsing. It's not at all on a daily basis which i provide the likeliness to check something. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  18. Helpful info. Lucky me I discovered your site by chance, and I’m 먹튀검증업체

    ReplyDelete
  19. Great articles and great layout. Your blog post deserves all of the positive feedback it's been getting. rat pest control london

    ReplyDelete
  20. Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article. buy website traffic

    ReplyDelete
  21. 야, 오늘은 나에게 너무 좋은데, 이번에는 집에서이 방대한 유익한 기사를 읽고 있기 때문이다. 엄청난 노력에 감사드립니다 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  22. What a information of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable familiarity concerning unexpected feelings. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  23. https://twitter.com/totobobbi I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  24. I'm impressed, I must say. Very rarely do I come across a blog thats both informative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you ve hit the nail on the head. Your blog is important.. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  25. These is apparently just like definitely great. Most of these modest items are designed through the use of variety of base consciousness. I love these significantly 토토

    ReplyDelete
  26. Great article, a debt of gratitude is in order for assembling this! This is clearly one awesome post 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  27. Really satisfied with all the information I have found in this article. It gives immense knowledge on physical education, it is very helpful and quite generous to spread a good message. The author has done a brilliant job on summing all the points here. You just made a new fan with your writing skills. Cheers! 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  28. The looks really great. Most of these smaller details are usually created employing wide range of heritage knowledge. I would like all of it substantially 토토

    ReplyDelete
  29. thank you for being friendly friend, you're a great writer don't forget to visit my writing on
    We are the buyer and seller of the original hedgehog geliga. we have conducted purchases and sales from 2009 until now. Our experience has been tested to examine the type and authenticity of hedgehog geliga stone.
    Booking Geliga Landak can be done at Mr. Dunny Nasution 081360000123

    geliga landak
    lirik terjemahan
    kredit syariah banda aceh
    distributor gaharu jernang
    pengiriman murah medan

    ReplyDelete

Post a comment