“Communication is to diplomacy as blood is to the human body. Whenever
communication ceases, the body of international politics, the process of
diplomacy is dead, and the result is violent, conflict or atrophy.”—Van Dinh
Information technology (IT) in the twenty-first century no doubt has
increased the high-speed interactive digital network for multilingual voice,
video, print, data communication worldwide, revolutionizing how nation-states
communicate with one another in the international system.
The globalization of issues and the rapidly expanding reach of non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) are fundamentally changing how the nation-states pursue
their various national interests in the international system. The existence of
NGOs have also been stimulated by increased eagerness on the part of the donor
community to channel aid through them.
(2001) argues, ‘the rise of NGOs throughout the 1980s and 1990s was
fuelled by international development agencies and aid donors who assumed that
civic organizations should rapidly scale their direct service provision the function’ (Duhu 2005; Hulme
2001). As a result, during the last two decades, both developed and
developing countries have witnessed a steady increase in NGOs. In the contemporary international system, IT is fundamentally transforming the way in
which we live, work, govern, and communicate.
Within governmental institutions, NGOs, corporations, educators,
military leaders and a number of citizens’ groups are defining their future
with the knowledge that ideas, products, and activities can be delivered in
digital form (Roy 1981). IT strategy is the road map for capitalizing
on the use of information and IT as a key enabler of the government’s
Better use of information resources has the potential to provide a sound
basis for the setting of policy and standards in governance. Like other large
organizations, the government relies heavily on information and technology.
Hundreds of systems now support planning, service delivery to the public,
evaluation and internal administration. Information and technology are also
important to improving other significant activities of government planning and
evaluation as well as internal administration in support of all the
government’s functions. It also supports better access to and analysis of
up-to-date information from a number of sources, and provide new process
management tools (Smith et al. 2007).
The developed nations of the world (the superpowers) have an unmatched
capacity to create and integrate complex information systems. The growing power
of information for the developed states is an edge over the developing nations
of the world.
While it is extraordinarily attractive to other countries, helping the
developing nations of the world in the area of IT can have positive
consequences in international relations. Information and technology hold
enormous promises for purposeful leadership and better understanding in foreign
attitudes for effective decision-making (Barnett 2001).
There is no doubt that the global digital network and the growing power
of communication have created a new foundation of diplomacy in the
international arena. IT is as important as politics, economics and military
power, and information, communication skills, and foreign policy are high
national priorities in international relations. A new diplomacy rooted in the Information
Age is a necessity if we are to rekindle public’s interest in foreign
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