Child Trafficking in India and Procedures for Prevention and Protection of Children’s Rights: An Analysis

 From: Institutionalised Children Explorations and Beyond

Human trafficking, regardless of whether it is children or adults being trafficked, is a gross human rights violation. As an account of those who have not yet completed part of their childhood portion, it disregards their human rights as children, in particular their right to be protected from abuse; they all focus on their comprehensive understanding. In examining children’s descriptions, we find that child trafficking, in any case, maintains some variation in the way routine views are perceived or understood, and that there are different ways of dealing with child trafficking.

Child trafficking is a horrifying experience that, at any given time, potentially affects 1.2 million children (International Labour Organization [ILO], 2002, 2005). In 2005, it was estimated that the absolute illegal benefits made by constrained workers in a single year amounted to $31.7 billion. This includes benefits for adults and children, yet almost 50% are children, using the dispossessed children to generate some billion USD grant in aid. ILO Convention No. 182 labelled child trafficking as the most dangerous type of child work (WFCL), which should be discarded as an issue of vigour, independent of the degree of advancement of the country. As of 2016, the constituents of the ILO have focused on ending child trafficking, including the elimination of all other WFCLs. ILO has six years left to meet all challenges for this component (ILO, 2005).

Child trafficking begins when a child is enrolled for employment through someone or contacts a selection representative for certain details about being employed or wants the option to leave for circumstances at another location. The enrollment specialist consists of a person who uses the child details, or representative information, is part of a chain of persons associated with the trafficking.

Children may feel pressure from their families to look for some work to help strengthen relationships, and workarounds may not be available locally. Sometimes the family will ask for help from someone who can arrange work for the children or someone who feels they are in a difficult situation which will bring the family together.

It is difficult to make reliable estimates of the number of children treated or trafficked each year. Most reports on trafficking include a declaration about the lack of concrete information. Breaking of trafficking law and covert existence mean that most of the available information is usually focused on a few open facts, for example, trafficking leading to in tragic casualties and concerns about illegal crime, activity or social welfare. There are statistics. Some of the data is derived from reports on court cases, emergency clinics and welfare, which provide details on tragic accidents, or some are from national information that is often a combination of police and migration projections, information on social governance and various data sources.

The present study on the research topic is done to find out the menace of child trafficking, its extent and how we can combat it by effectively enforcing the existing laws in India. The main reason of child trafficking, extent, area, historical background, national and international legal framework, existing laws, schemes and tradition in India to know the effectiveness or drawbacks regarding child trafficking in India have been studied.

It has been observed that there is lack of effective implementation of the already existing laws and of awareness among the people about their rights. As a result the society shows indifference towards the problems of child trafficking for begging, child prostitution, child labour, organ trade, drug trafficking and smuggling.


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