Personal Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention: A Perceptual Study on Generation Z Girls

From SEDME (Small Enterprises Development, Management & Extension Journal): A worldwide window on MSME Studies

The growth and development of entrepreneurship culture may be considered as one of the preconditions for the development of a nation. In a labour-surplus country, entrepreneurship development in truest sense may revolutionise the status of the macroeconomic condition of the region. 

Entrepreneurial intention is extremely important for the development of entrepreneurship, but entrepreneurial intention is also contingent upon the personality traits of human beings.

In the current millennium, entrepreneurship development has captured added attention of researchers as well as policymakers across the countries of the world. Countries, irrespective of their position in the growth trajectory, are in consensus that the key driver for growth and development of the economy of a nation is entrepreneurship development on sustainable basis. Among the factors triggering entrepreneurship development in a particular region, entrepreneurial intention of the people is probably one of the most influential factors which can hardly be ignored. But the relative strength of factors capable of generating entrepreneurial intention varies from nation to nation and also from region to region for obvious reasons. 

Researchers and policymakers, irrespective of their origin, do agree that personality traits influence entrepreneurial intention to a great extent, and a strong entrepreneurial intention is a step forward towards entrepreneurship development. In entrepreneurship studies, intentions have been considered the best predictor of individual behaviour. Entrepreneurial intention is nothing but belief of an individual which can lead to forming a concept relating to business and hence making a career choice in entrepreneurship. 

Intentions of a person can be influenced by several factors. Personal factors or traits dominate one’s state of mind and hence their activities. Personality traits of a person dictate their career choice since behaviour of an individual is dominated by their personality traits.

The perceptions of female students over all the select personal antecedents do not vary significantly across their family income. However, their perception varies significantly over the capability of ‘Risk-bearing capacity’ on entrepreneurial intention across their fathers’ occupation. The perceptions of college-going female students over the influence of ‘Self-confidence’ and ‘Creativity’ on entrepreneurial intention differ significantly across their stream of education.

 The study attempts to analyse the perception of college-going female students over the personal antecedents influencing entrepreneurial intention. Fifteen components influencing entrepreneurial intention have been identified and grouped under five personal antecedents/factors. The most influential personal antecedent triggering entrepreneurial intention is ‘Need for achievement’, which is followed by ‘Self-confidence’, ‘Risk-bearing capacity’, ‘Creativity’ and ‘Adaptability’.

Excerpt from the article “Personal Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention: A Perceptual Study on Generation Z Girls” by Kingshuk Adhikari and Ankita Ghosh


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