Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Is the inclusion of women personnel in Police department a genuine step towards making a gender-just institution?

After the Delhi gang-rape of 16 December 2012, widely known as the Nirbhaya case, the issue of women’s safety has received prominence in public discourse across the country. The city of Delhi saw massive protests by outraged citizens in the aftermath of the rape. The Delhi Police was a target of severe criticism, for its failure to maintain law and order in the city. It suffered further bad publicity as the force harassed the protesters and targeted them with water canons, lathi-charge and tear gas. Following these developments, safety of women and role of police have remained central issues in public debates, election campaigns and in the publicly bitter relations between the Delhi government and the Delhi Police working under the central government’s Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). The police force in Delhi, which had always been a target of public criticism due to its alleged inefficiency and corruption, has increasingly been blamed for its inability to control crimes against women.

The Delhi Police has responded to such sweeping criticism through various measures. One of these was an announcement from the MHA soon after the December 2012 incident. It said that 1,000 new appointments at constable level would be made immediately, out of which 500 posts would be reserved for women. The then Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde also directed that there should be at least one woman officer posted in each police station. In March 2015, the central government had passed a proposal for reservation of 33 per cent posts for women, at the lower levels in the police forces in all union territories including Delhi (Press Information Bureau, 20 March 2015), and the Lt Governor of Delhi, Najeeb Jung had announced that the number of women in the Police Control Room (PCR) vans would be increased to 500 to ensure greater security of women. Further, various publicity mechanisms of Delhi Police routinely focus on the ‘gender-sensitive’ nature of the force by highlighting provisions, such as a women’s help desk in every police station, investigation of rape cases by women officers only, induction of more women at the police station level and training of officers on gender issues.

Such measures seem to be based on the assumption that presence of women in the police force makes it sensitive to gender crimes, and thus more effective in preventing and handling such cases. Such assumptions often do have a legal and social context. Historically, the police in India is known for its role in perpetrating violence towards marginalized sections including women.

An article from “Studies in Indian Politics” is to examine this aspect of workplace gender dynamics. The precise focus is upon inclusion of women into the police force in Delhi on the assumption of their special suitability to deal with gender-based crimes, and to study what impact such inclusion has on the structures of gendered hierarchy operative in the police station as a workplace.

But if we examine the everyday strategies of women police personnel in Delhi in their day-to-day work lives, It can be observed that the individual woman personnel has to continuously oscillate between two contrary enactments of a policewoman and a policewoman. Drawing on insights from ethnographic fieldwork, the article argues that inclusion of women on such terms does not make them equal members of the force, but only signifies a balm-applying strategy to rectify rampant gender imbalance in numbers within the institution. Such inclusion, has not yet led to any real progress in terms of making a gender-just institution.
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Thursday, April 13, 2017

A tribute to one of the greatest all rounders "Vinoo Mankad", on his 100th birth anniversary

12 April 2017: Exactly 100 years ago, was born Vinoo Mankad. He is undoubtedly amongst the greatest all-rounders of the game. People believe that Kapil Dev and Vinoo Mankad are the two greatest all-rounders from India. SAGE joins the many cricket lovers n paying a tribute to this maestro.

Midwicket Tales: From Trumper to Tendulkar” published by SAGE Publications, has glowing references to his exploits. In the chapter on left arm spinners, the authors Giridhar and Raghunath say, “…Mankad in the period afterr World War II was the best among his contemporaries. And like Rhodes before him, Mankad was a genuinely great all-rounder who also opened the batting. Perhaps the greatest spinning all-rounder the game has ever produced Mankad in our opinion will pip Wilfred Rhodes for the spot. He won India their first test against MCC in 1951 and followed this up with their second test win against Pakistan. He had 10 wicket hauls on both occasions. He remained the quickest to reach the double of 100 wickets and 1,000 runs for a long time and the highest wicket taker for India till the spin quartet overtook him. As an opener, he hit hundreds against Lindwall and Miller (Australia) and Bedser and Trueman (England) in their countries (not on subcontinent pitches). As a spinner he carried a huge workload with marathon spells and was often very economical while retaining his wicket taking ability…..”

Reminiscing about Mankad yesterday, author Raghunath added, “I saw him first in January 1956 against New Zealand at Chennai when he and Roy opened and put on 413 for the first wicket- a world record creating opening stand. Mankad made 231 and I remember the sweeps and drives; I was 9 years old then. Some months later, September 1956 I saw him bowling against Australia; I was still 9 plus. He had a round- arm action and was very accurate; he took out Harvey with a faster ball, bowled him. I last saw him in 1958 taking 4 wickets against Gerry Alexander’s West Indians. He got Sobers caught at slip. He could bowl for long spells tirelessly; he had an armer and a faster one and moved with alacrity to catch of his own bowling, anticipating brilliantly. For his hundreds against Lindwall and Miller in Australia, and against Bedser and Trueman in England, I would rate him the finest spinning all- rounder. An amazing professional who took on the establishment and administrators like D'Mello and Vizzy. He would have been invaluable in modern day limited overs cricket!”

Revisit the lanes of cricketing history with authors S Giridhar and V J Raghunath, throughh their book " Mid-wicket Tales".