Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Is work autonomy to employees an important factor to accomplish workplace creativity!

In the current global competitive business environment, organizations prioritize more innovative and creative performance by the employers. Technologies and approaches are changing, so it is important to update and implement new knowledge. In every organization, discovery and implementation of new and novel ideas and products are very essential to sustain the growth in a challenging business environment.

An employee’s creativity which determines Organizational innovativeness is valuable for attaining growth and success. A healthy work environment is necessary for developing and implementing an employee’s workplace creativity. It includes necessary infrastructure, support and coordination by the supervisors and other authorities, good organizational design and structure, etc.

Several organizational factors affect an employee’s creative performance. In particular, an employee’s job-related freedom is more relevant for its creative performance. Work autonomy is defined as the freedom related with the work activities and decision-making. The task-related decision-making and performance strategies by the employees’ will directly influence their creative outcomes. Work autonomy may be defined as the degree to which an individual is given freedom and discretion in carrying out a task.

The work-related freedom not only enhances employees’ creative performance but also helps to pace their work-related activities. Work autonomy directly contributes to employees’ job satisfaction. An empirical investigation carried out upon Indian management graduates indicate that graduates are more attracted to long-term growth factors in the job than short-term benefits while choosing their first employer and job autonomy along with work condition, and job challenge are major constituents of long-term growth. Autonomy provides better choices for the application of their work and it helps them to explore their ideas freely. Employees’ work autonomy helps them to make decisions freely about their task and distinguishing among the strategies related to their task.

Thus, Work method autonomy and workplace creativity are positively correlated and autonomy in the workplace plays an important role in generating employees’ creative ideas and performance. 

Click here to read full article!

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Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Are good governance practices living up to the promises made?

In India a new government has recently been elected on the platform of ‘good governance’, with the new prime minister promising ‘less government, more governance’ to promote ‘development’.

Good governance made its appearance in India in 1991, when the then prime minister, P.V. Narasimha Rao, ushered in a series of economic reforms, after a financial crisis, with the support and financial help of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. Since then, the rate of economic growth has accelerated, clearly breaking the trend. It has touched 9 per cent, and is now slowing down to just over 5 per cent.

 All governments since then have followed upon this broad path with a demand for ‘second generation’ reforms to speed up economic growth and focus on ‘development’ by improving good governance.

The use of the word ‘good’ adds a moral dimension to this particular type of governing. It is important therefore to go beyond the word and understand what it is that constitutes this ‘good’ governance, especially when elections are won on this premise. Does good governance as practised lead to economic growth, support the foundations from which growth springs, reduce poverty and inequality, and improve the basic services for ordinary citizens? This is what it promises, but does it deliver on the promise? An article in “Millennial Asia” aims to examine just this.

The article as an example quotes the case study on the issue water supply—a basic necessity of life. It must be seen as a basic right, not a commodity but today, in many countries, water is just another commodity; water has a ‘price’. Based on the logic of good governance (fiscal discipline), in many countries the state has abdicated its responsibility to provide drinking water and privatized it in various ways, letting the private sector get returns by charging user charges, fees, etc.

In sum, we have a situation today in which the dominant ideology is that of ‘good governance’. Its economic role is limited to maintaining law and order and letting markets work, even in the case of public goods like education, health and drinking water. In areas where it has historically found itself more active, it is trying to privatize and abdicate its responsibility.

The article concludes that under such a regime, we cannot expect any innovation to occur, public services may become costly and unreliable, especially to the poor who cannot pay the high user fees and (we have increasing inequality, inequity and that these forces are now leading to tax and other policies that are limiting the ability of the state to do what it previously did.

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Monday, October 19, 2015

SAGE announces the winner of prestigious Rob Potter Prize 2015!

The leading independent academic publisher, SAGE announces this year’s winner of “Rob Potter—Best Article Award”. The award was instituted in the memory of Professor Rob Potter last year, for the most noteworthy article featured in Progress in Development Studies.
Prof Rob Potter, a distinguished academic expert on urban geography and the geographies of development was, the founding Editor-in-Chief of Progress in Development Studies, a flagship journal of SAGE. His contributions in the field are unparalleled to any.

Progress in Development Studies serves as a forum to discuss development issues, ranging from poverty alleviation and international aid; the international debt crisis; economic development and industrialization to political governance and civil society; gender relations and the rights of the child. It takes the view that development should be defined as change, whether positive or negative. Truly international in scope, the journal provides up-to-the-minute overviews of the current knowledge in the field.

Although the award was instituted last year but has since then become very popular within academia. This is prevalent from the number of submissions received for this year, which has surpassed last year’s record.
The winning article "Trust and the wealth of nations" by Prof Nurullah Gur, Istanbul Medipol University, School of Business and Management Sciences, Beykoz, Istanbul, Turkey has been awarded a cash prize of $200 and was published in the April 2015 issue (Volume 15, Issue 2). The list of other nominated articles has been included in the October issue of the journal (Volume 15, Issue 4). The selection process for the best article is at the sole discretion of the journal editorial board.
Extending his heartfelt congratulations to Prof Nurullah Gur for bagging this year’s award, Mr Vivek Mehra, MD & CEO, SAGE Publications India said, “We hope to foster such edifying and high-quality papers on Development Studies & Sustainable Development from scholars around the world, through this award".

Read the award winning article here

Friday, October 09, 2015

The incessant fight of Indian women for ‘identity’ and ‘powerlessness’ at work places!

Indian women, paradoxically worshiped as goddesses while being victimized by rape, infanticide and discrimination and harassment at workplaces have always struggled against an archaic system that continues to privilege age-old patriarchal social structures characterized by male dominance.
Women’s literacy rate has climbed to 65.46 percent, opening new economic opportunities for them. However, societal attitudes towards women remain unchanged, which adversely affects their safety and well-being. Despite professional achievements at the workplace, women have to continuously exercise coping strategies against sexism, marginalisation and invisibility. An article from the Indian Journal of Gender studies  aims to examine how this affects women’s life and work.
A recent survey conducted by Opportunity Now that reported more than half the number of female employees experienced discrimination at the workplace. The article highlights some of the notable instances of gender discrimination and sexual harassment of women civil servants by their male colleagues or superiors, such as Kiran Bedi, the first female Indian IPS officer was overlooked for promotion as Commissioner of Delhi police. 
It also includes case studies of three women civil servants in the state bureaucracy, covering their work–life experiences spanning more than 10 years. It refers to their identity as a civil servant in a comparatively safer service, but where they still face gender discrimination, sometimes blatant and sometimes subtle.
The article concludes on the note that silence about workplace discrimination is a serious indictment of the organisational culture and ethos. Vigilant organisations keen to tap and retain the best female talents for professional excellence must ensure women’s security and fair play. There is a need of attitudinal changes, organisational policies that offer protection to women at the workplace and effective implementation of the law as an instrument to transform workplace discrimination faced by women. Workplace experiences and negotiations that women have to make in order to be ‘seen’, ‘heard’ and acknowledged reveal that the workplace and family are tension cusps that require conscious coping strategies.

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Wednesday, October 07, 2015

What determines an Individual’s commitment towards social networking sites!

Individual participation in the Social Networking Sites (SNS) more or less corresponds to the aspects of physical space and essentially draws from the behaviors one exhibits in physical space. The selective withdrawal from physical space and active participation in virtual space, gives more freedom to an individual, which in turn culminates into the range of activities like curiosity to find more friends, active participation in online discussion groups or expressing consent or vice-versa.

In virtual space through the SNSs individuals tend to be more expressive than in physical space. This might be considered as the one of the most important attribute of the virtual space. When the network is more constrained like in physical space in terms of the nature of social relations, creation of social relation and hierarchy of social relation, the individual’s presentation becomes more constrained. However, contrary to physical space network, in virtual space, the network becomes more liberated through the SNSs, in terms of the social relation an individual shares with the network which he/she created for some specific purpose. And with less hierarchical structures, an individual becomes more liberated in expressing himself/herself,

Successful interaction in social networking sites (SNSs) depends not only on the user’s commitment for the group but also efforts to facilitate the member’s social interaction as a member of the group. A useful online discussion is a collective good for the whole; the contribution costs are restricted to active members, discussion benefits are distributed among all active and passive member.

Online interaction is often embedded in offline networks. It can lead to new contacts that are transferred to the offline world in unplanned ways; alternately, users can maintain existing offline contacts via online communication. Furthermore, some online SNSs are naturally affiliated with offline social interaction, and some intentionally create opportunities for offline meetings among members.

Register now to read more about ‘Online Participation and Self-presentation in Social Networking Sites’ from the Journal of Creative Communications.


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